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### Range of an Integer Type

Suppose you need to store an integer value which can range from zero to one million. Which is the smallest type you can use? There is no general rule; it depends on the C compiler and target machine. You can use the `MIN' and `MAX' macros in `limits.h' to determine which type will work.

Each signed integer type has a pair of macros which give the smallest and largest values that it can hold. Each unsigned integer type has one such macro, for the maximum value; the minimum value is, of course, zero.

The values of these macros are all integer constant expressions. The `MAX' and `MIN' macros for `char` and ```short int``` types have values of type `int`. The `MAX' and `MIN' macros for the other types have values of the same type described by the macro--thus, `ULONG_MAX` has type `unsigned long int`.

`SCHAR_MIN`

This is the minimum value that can be represented by a `signed char`.

`SCHAR_MAX`
`UCHAR_MAX`

These are the maximum values that can be represented by a `signed char` and `unsigned char`, respectively.

`CHAR_MIN`

This is the minimum value that can be represented by a `char`. It's equal to `SCHAR_MIN` if `char` is signed, or zero otherwise.

`CHAR_MAX`

This is the maximum value that can be represented by a `char`. It's equal to `SCHAR_MAX` if `char` is signed, or `UCHAR_MAX` otherwise.

`SHRT_MIN`

This is the minimum value that can be represented by a ```signed short int```. On most machines that the GNU C library runs on, `short` integers are 16-bit quantities.

`SHRT_MAX`
`USHRT_MAX`

These are the maximum values that can be represented by a `signed short int` and `unsigned short int`, respectively.

`INT_MIN`

This is the minimum value that can be represented by a ```signed int```. On most machines that the GNU C system runs on, an `int` is a 32-bit quantity.

`INT_MAX`
`UINT_MAX`

These are the maximum values that can be represented by, respectively, the type `signed int` and the type `unsigned int`.

`LONG_MIN`

This is the minimum value that can be represented by a ```signed long int```. On most machines that the GNU C system runs on, `long` integers are 32-bit quantities, the same size as `int`.

`LONG_MAX`
`ULONG_MAX`

These are the maximum values that can be represented by a `signed long int` and `unsigned long int`, respectively.

`LONG_LONG_MIN`

This is the minimum value that can be represented by a ```signed long long int```. On most machines that the GNU C system runs on, `long long` integers are 64-bit quantities.

`LONG_LONG_MAX`
`ULONG_LONG_MAX`

These are the maximum values that can be represented by a ```signed long long int``` and `unsigned long long int`, respectively.

`WCHAR_MAX`

This is the maximum value that can be represented by a `wchar_t`. See section Wide Character Introduction.

The header file `limits.h' also defines some additional constants that parameterize various operating system and file system limits. These constants are described in section System Configuration Parameters.

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